Chinese Text Project

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 1

道可道,非常道。名可名,非常名。無名天地之始;有名萬物之母。故常無欲,以觀其妙;常有欲,以觀其徼。此兩者,同出而異名,同謂之玄1。玄2之又玄3,衆妙之門。

1,2,3. 玄 : Previously mistranscribed as "元".

 

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

kě k

may, can, -able; possibly

v1,p0567#07

p.172#12

p.244r1c02

+ 0

 

fēi

Violate, go against (a rule). / Wrong, bad. / Not real, untrue. / Oppose, object to. / Slander, condemn. / Sarcasm, irony. / Absence of, not have. / Adverb: not, is not.

v6,p4086#01

p.1382#11

p.1463r6c02

 

 

 

fěi

Same as (2): Slander.

 

 

 

+ 8

 

chng

common, normal, frequent, regular

v1,p0744#01

p.333#12

p.477r2c01

+ 3

 

mng

Name. / Writing. / To name, give a name to. / Call, refer to as. / Title, name of. / Title, status. / Fame, recognition. / Famous, well-known. / Large. / Between the eyebrows and eyelashes. / The School of Names.

v1,p0582#06

p.175#09

p.254r2c01

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 3

 

d de

earth; soil, ground; region

v1,p0420#12

p.224#06

p.312r6c01

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 5

 

shǐ

begin, start; then, only then

v2,p1041#12

p.258#16

p.381r1c02

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 8

wn

ten thousand; innumerable

v5,p3247#08

p.1042#33

p.1149r4c02

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 1

 

mǔ m wǔ w

mother; female elders; female

v4,p2380#03

p.588#25

p.745r1c03

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 7

y

desire, want, long for; intend

v3,p2140#07

p.567#36

p.729r4c02

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 18

guān gun

see, observe, view; appearance

v6,p3677#05

p.1138#14

p.1231r6c04

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 4

mio

mysterious, subtle; exquisite

v2,p1030#10

p.256#24

p.380r1c02

+ 13

 

jio jiǎo jiāo yāo yo

frontier, border; inspect, patrol

v2,p0845#12

p.371#27

p.520r1c02

+ 2

 

This. / Like this. / Here. / Adverb: then.

v2,p1438#03

p.574#10

p.735r4c01

+ 6

liǎng ling

two, both, pair, couple; ounce

v1,p0024#02

p.126#13

p.145r6c02

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 3

tng tng

same, similar; together with

v1,p0578#01

p.175#06

p.252r1c01

+ 3

chū

Go out, exit. / Outside, without. / Take up a post. / Exile, banish. / Abandon (one's wife). / Free, release. / Give out, hand over. / Give, offer. / Send out, distribute. / Exceed. / Appear, emerge. / Create, make. / Produce, cause to grow. / Bear, give birth. / Origin, place of birth. / Part of an object which extends outwards. / Measure word: times, occurrences. / Measure word: section.

v1,p0307#08

p.135#11

p.172r1c01

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 6

y

different, unusual, strange

v4,p2540#05

p.763#18

p.916r1c02

+ 9

wi

say, tell; call, name; be called

v6,p3997#06

p.1173#12

p.1251r6c01

+ 0

xun xun

deep, profound, abstruse; KangXi radical 95

v1,p0280#03

p.725#01

p.883r1c01

+ 0

 

yu

Hand. / Again, once more. / Moreover. / And, while. Expresses two situations happening at once or sequential action. / And yet. Expresses contrast. / Offer wine. / Forgive.

v1,p0390#01

p.164#43

p.233r4c03

+ 6

𠂝

zhng

multitude, crowd; masses, public

v5,p3051#14

p.1107#16

p.1203r4c08

+ 0

mn

gate, door, entrance, opening

v7,p4281#01

p.1329#53

p.1403r4c05

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 2

天下皆知美之為美,斯惡已。皆知善之為善,斯不善已。故有無相生,難易相成,長短相較,高下相傾盈,音聲相和,前後相隨。是以聖人處無為之事,行不言之教;萬物作焉而不辭,生而不有。為而不恃,功成而弗居。夫唯弗居,是以不去。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

天下

+ 1
+ 2


tiān xi

世界。 "All under heaven", the world.

v1,p0522#01
v1,p0007#01

p.248#04
p.76#10

p.358r4c01
p.28r1c01

+ 4

 

jiē

all, every, everybody

v4,p2647#01

p.786#12

p.735r5c01

+ 3

 

zhī

(1) 知道,懂得。 Know, understand.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

+ 3

měi

beautiful, pretty; pleasing

v5,p3126#05

p.951#10

p.1069r5c01

丿+ 3

 

zhī

(4.2) 助詞:用於主語和謂語之間,取消句子的獨立性。 Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 5

wi

(12) 表示判斷,相當於現代漢語的 Expresses judgement: is.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

+ 8

 

this, thus, such; to lop off; emphatic particle

v3,p2025#06

p.480#04

p.614r5c03

+ 8

(4) 醜。與相對。 Ugly.

v4,p2307#12

p.391#25

p.535r4c01

+ 0

 

Stop, discontinue. / Complete / The past. / Recover, be cured. / Leave [a post], retire. / Value and carry out. / Adverb: shortly, before long. / Adverb: already. / Adverb: extremely. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence. / Interjection. / Same as (1): Use. / Same as (9): Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time.

v2,p0984#01

p.326#11

p.467r3c01

+ 3

 

zhī

Know, understand. / Perception. / Recognize. / Knowledge. / Know about, make sense of. / Be friendly with. / Control, get on top of.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

 

 

 

zh

Wisdom.

 

 

 

+ 9

shn

(1) 好,善良。與相對。 Good.

v1,p0660#02

p.197#18

p.282r3c04

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 4

 

xiāng

Mutual. / In succession. / Together.

v4,p2470#13

p.800#18

p.945r1c01

 

 

 

xing

Watch. / Appearance. / Fortune-telling by appearance. / Help, assist. / Guide for the blind. / Prime minister, most senior minister. / Ceremonial officer.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

shēng

life, living, lifetime; birth

v4,p2575#01

p.754#26

p.906r5c03

+ 11

nn nn nu

difficult, arduous, hard; unable

v6,p4108#05

p.1370#05

p.1446r3c01

+ 4

y

change; easy

v2,p1494#01

p.492#03

p.633r6c01

+ 2

 

chng

completed, finished, fixed

v2,p1399#01

p.411#11

 

+ 0

chng zhǎng zhng

long; length; excel in; leader

v6,p4050#01

p.1328#07

p.1399r3c04

+ 7

 

duǎn

short; brief; deficient, lacking

v4,p2584#03

p.824#33

p.956r4c04

+ 6

jio ju xio

compare; comparatively, more

v5,p3531#05

p.1242#31

p.1300r5c01

+ 0

gāo go

high, tall; lofty, elevated

v7,p4593#01

p.1451#26

p.1514r4c03

+ 2

xi

under, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down

v1,p0007#01

p.76#10

p.28r1c01

+ 11

qīng

upset, pour out, overflow

v1,p0212#10

p.115#10

p.124r2c04

+ 4

 

yng

fill; full, overflowing; surplus

v4,p2558#12

p.793#07

p.938r5c03

+ 0

 

yīn yn

sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation

v7,p4495#01

p.1396#25

p.1472r4c04

+ 11

shēng

sound, voice, noise; tone; music

v4,p2794#04

p.969#18

p.1085r3c01

+ 5

h hu hu h

harmony, peace; peaceful, calm

v1,p0602#01

p.185#01

p.267r3c01

+ 7

 

qin

in front, forward; preceding

v1,p0248#04

p.140#15

p.184r4c01

+ 6

hu

behind, rear, after; descendents

v2,p0822#03

p.366#18

p.511r2c01

+ 13

su

follow, listen to, submit; to accompany; subsequently, then

v6,p4156#17

p.1361#04

p.1434r1c01

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 7

shng

holy, sacred; sage

v4,p2789#06

p.967#22

p.1082r6c06

+ 0

rn

Man, person. / Others, other people. / The people, ordinary men. / Talent, material. / [A man's] character. / Affairs of men, world of man. / Benevolence.

v1,p0101#10

p.91#01

p.80r2c01

+ 5

chǔ

(4.1) 治,施行。 Implement, carry out.

v4,p2822#12

p.1073#25

p.1183r5c02

+ 7

sh

Office, duty. / Job, career. / Things, affairs. / Accident, incident. / Engage (in), pursue. / Serve.

v1,p0023#03

p.85#24

p.58r3c02

+ 0

xng hng xng hng hng

go; walk; move, travel; circulate

v2,p0811#06

p.1108#31

p.1203r5c05

+ 0

yn

Speak, say. / Discuss, debate. / Tell. / Doctrine, theory, words. / One word. / Sentence. / Particle, no meaning.

v6,p3936#01

p.1146#01

p.1236r5c03

+ 7

jio jiāo

teach, class

v2,p1459#09

p.472#05

 

+ 8

wn

ten thousand; innumerable

v5,p3247#08

p.1042#33

p.1149r4c02

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 5

 

zu zuō zu

make; work; compose, write; act, perform

v1,p0134#06

p.99#07

p.99r3c01

+ 7

 

yān

Same as (2): Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Same as (3): Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Demonstrative pronoun and modal particle: than this. / Interrogative pronoun: how, where. / Interrogative pronoun: what. / Connective: and, then. / Preposition: in. / Modal particle. / Adjectival or adverbal suffix.

v3,p2206#14

p.672#21

p.847r5c01

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 12

c

Confession. / Speech, phrase, language. / Excuse, reason. / Tell, explain. / Refuse, not accept. / Dispatch, expel. / Bid farewell. / A form of writing in ancient China.

v6,p4043#13

p.1252#08

p.1310r3c02

+ 6

 

sh

rely on, presume on, trust to

v4,p2293#15

p.383#19

p.528r5c01

+ 3

 

gōng

achievement, merit, good result

v1,p0365#08

p.146#11

p.192r3c03

+ 2

 

f

not, negative

v2,p0990#09

p.356#16

p.500r5c01

+ 5

Sit down. / Wait. / Live, dwell. / Dwelling, residence. / Tomb. / Rank, position occupied. / Person occupying the rank of ruler. / Live peacefully. / Usually, normally. / Located in. / Defend (a post), guard (a region). / Remain behind to handle matters. / Have, possess. / Employ, implement. / Stop, rest, remain. / Store, stockpile. / Raise, rear (livestock). / Used before times expressing time elapsed: after.

v2,p0968#04

p.300#30

p.448r1c02

 

 

 

Movement, action.

 

 

 

 

 

 

j

Arrogant. / Straight. / Saw.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing excamation or questioning.

 

 

 

+ 1

 

General term for adult men. / Adult labourers in particular. / Soldier. / Respectful term for a man. / Husband. / Unit of area equal to one hundred mu.

v1,p0521#01

p.248#11

p.367r2c01

 

 

 

f

Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Modal particle used at the start of a sentence for emphasis or to indicate an assertion. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to soften the tone. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express exclamation.

 

 

 

+ 8

 

wi wěi

only; yes

v1,p0642#05

p.193#17

p.277r1c02

+ 3

 

q

go away, leave, depart

v1,p0384#08

p.164#10

p.232r1c04

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 3

不尚賢,使民不爭;不貴難得之貨,使民不為盜;不見可欲,使民心不亂。是以聖人之治,虛其心,實其腹,弱其志,強其骨。常使民無知無欲。使夫智者不敢為也。為無為,則無不治。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 5

shng chng

still, yet; even; fairly, rather

v1,p0563#05

p.297#11

 

+ 8

xin

virtuous, worthy, good; able

v6,p3646#06

p.1209#28

p.1276r5c02

使

+ 6

 

shǐ

Order, send (on a mission). / Cause, make. / Allocate, use. / Indulge in.. / Send as an envoy. / Envoy, messenger. / Connective: if, supposing.

v1,p0145#02

p.101#05

p.101r3c03

+ 1

 

mn

people, subjects, citizens

v3,p2131#01

p.598#01

p.750r3c01

+ 4

zhēng zhng

to dispute, fight, contend, strive

v3,p2031#03

p.688#33

p.863r1c01

+ 5

gu

expensive, costly, valuable

v6,p3632#09

p.1206#15

p.1271r6c01

+ 11

nn nn nu

difficult, arduous, hard; unable

v6,p4108#05

p.1370#05

p.1446r3c01

+ 8

 

d

Get, obtain. / Plunder. / Covet. / Success. / Fitting, appropriate. / Compatible. / Satisfied, pleased. / Possible, can. / Same as (1): Morals, morality. / Same as (3): Reward kindness, thank.

v2,p0828#03

p.367#31

p.513r6c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 4

hu

goods, commodities, products

v6,p3627#01

p.1205#12

p.1270r4c01

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 7

do

rob, steal; thief, bandit

v4,p2564#13

p.794#21

p.940r1c01

+ 0

jin xin

see, observe, behold; perceive

v6,p3663#01

p.1133#01

p.1229r1c01

+ 2

 

kě k

may, can, -able; possibly

v1,p0567#07

p.172#12

p.244r1c02

+ 7

y

desire, want, long for; intend

v3,p2140#07

p.567#36

p.729r4c02

+ 0

xīn

heart; mind, intelligence; soul

v4,p2267#01

p.375#01

p.521r1c01

+ 12

lun

confusion, state of chaos; create chaos, revolt

v1,p0057#10

p.84#33

p.57r5c01

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 7

shng

holy, sacred; sage

v4,p2789#06

p.967#22

p.1082r6c06

+ 0

rn

Man, person. / Others, other people. / The people, ordinary men. / Talent, material. / [A man's] character. / Affairs of men, world of man. / Benevolence.

v1,p0101#10

p.91#01

p.80r2c01

+ 5

 

zh ch y

govern, regulate, administer

v3,p1599#06

p.614#07

p.776r5c02

+ 6

false, worthless; empty, hollow

v4,p2825#06

p.1074#11

p.1184r1c06

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 11

sh

Prosperous, wealthy. / Wealth, possessions. / Goods, supplies. / Full. / Fit into, stuff into. / Fruit, seed. / Result. / Real thing, actual content. / Fact, thing which happened. / True, honest. / Firm, unwavering. / In fact, actually. / Prove, show to be true. / Carry out, implement. / Term in arithmetic for a multiplicand or dividend. / Really, indeed so. / This. / Particle used in a sentence after moving forward the object.

v2,p0952#03

p.291#04

p.427r6c01

+ 9

 

f

stomach, belly, abdomen; inside

v3,p2097#01

p.990#02

p.1101r4c01

+ 7

 

ru

weak; fragile, delicate

v2,p0996#16

p.358#24

p.502r1c02

+ 3

zh

purpose, will, determination; annals

v4,p2269#04

p.376#21

p.523r3c03

+ 8

qing qiǎng jing

strong, powerful, energetic

v2,p0999#07

p.359#23

p.504r5c01

+ 0

 

gǔ gū g

bone; skeleton; frame, framework

v7,p4406#01

p.1447#25

p.1512r1c02

+ 8

 

chng

common, normal, frequent, regular

v1,p0744#01

p.333#12

p.477r2c01

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 3

 

zhī

(3.2) 知識。 Knowledge.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

+ 1

 

General term for adult men. / Adult labourers in particular. / Soldier. / Respectful term for a man. / Husband. / Unit of area equal to one hundred mu.

v1,p0521#01

p.248#11

p.367r2c01

 

 

 

f

Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Modal particle used at the start of a sentence for emphasis or to indicate an assertion. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to soften the tone. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express exclamation.

 

 

 

+ 8

 

zh zhī

wisdom, knowledge, intelligence

v2,p1518#15

p.497#15

p.644r3c02

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 8

 

gǎn

to dare, venture; bold, brave

v2,p1463#09

p.472#26

p.605r4c02

+ 2

 

Modal particle used at the end of a sentence, expressing assertion and affirmation. / Modal particle used at the end of a question for emphasis. / Modal particle used at the end of a cause-effect sentence to express explanation. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause.

v1,p0050#05

p.84#04

p.55r1c01

+ 7

z

Method, rule. / Mimic, emulate. / Level, grade. / Adverb used to emphasize an assertion. / Adverb used to express scope: only. / Connective expressing continuation: then, and then. / Connective emphasizing comparison. / Connective expressing contrast. / Connective expressing allowance: yet, even so. / Connective expressing unexpected turn of events. / Connective expressing suppostion: if.

v1,p0340#06

p.139#31

p.183r5c05

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 4

道沖而用之或不盈。淵兮似萬物之宗。挫其銳,解其紛,和其光,同其塵。湛兮似或存。吾不知誰之子,象帝之先。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

+ 4

chōng

pour, infuse, steep; wash away

v3,p1565#03

p.611#18

p.771r6c02

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

yng

use, employ, apply, operate; use

v1,p0097#05

p.755#24

p.908r6c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 4

 

hu

Pronoun: some, someone, something. / Have. / Sometimes. / Again. / Either, perhaps. / Expressive particle. / Confuse, be at a loss.

v2,p1402#08

p.412#18

p.552r5c01

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 4

 

yng

fill; full, overflowing; surplus

v4,p2558#12

p.793#07

p.938r5c03

+ 8

yuān

gulf, abyss, deep

v3,p1681#01

p.632#08

p.807r1c02

+ 2

𠔃

exclamatory particle

v1,p0241#06

p.127#03

p.160r5c01

+ 5

 

s sh

resemble, similar to; as if, seem

v1,p0127#02

p.97#10

p.95r1c04

+ 8

wn

ten thousand; innumerable

v5,p3247#08

p.1042#33

p.1149r4c02

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 5

 

zōng

lineage, ancestry; ancestor, clan

v2,p0917#11

p.283#14

p.411r6c01

+ 7

cu

push down; chop down; grind

v3,p1885#03

p.431#22

p.575r5c03

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 7

ru du yu

sharp, keen, acute, pointed

v6,p4211#12

p.1306#03

p.1380r6c01

+ 6

jiě ji xi

loosen, unfasten, untie; explain

v6,p3925#10

p.1142#01

p.1234r3c02

+ 4

fēn

in disorder, scattered, tangled

v5,p3375#09

p.918#06

p.1034r2c02

+ 5

h hu hu h

harmony, peace; peaceful, calm

v1,p0602#01

p.185#01

p.267r3c01

+ 4

guāng

light, brilliant, shine; only

v1,p0266#07

p.124#06

p.135r4c01

+ 3

tng tng

same, similar; together with

v1,p0578#01

p.175#06

p.252r1c01

+ 11

chn

dust, dirt, ashes, cinders

v1,p0482#03

p.236#38

p.327r5c10

+ 9

 

zhn chn dān jiān tn jn

deep; profound; clear; tranquil, placid

v3,p1667#06

p.637#16

p.816r1c01

+ 3

 

cn

exist, live, be; survive; remain

v2,p1009#07

p.278#02

p.398r3c01

+ 4

 

w

i, my, our; resist, impede

v1,p0585#13

p.180#03

p.260r5c01

+ 3

b

(3.1) 否定副詞:用於動詞、形容詞等前面,表示否定。 Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation.

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

+ 3

 

zhī

Know, understand. / Perception. / Recognize. / Knowledge. / Know about, make sense of. / Be friendly with. / Control, get on top of.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

 

 

 

zh

Wisdom.

 

 

 

+ 8

shu shi

who? whom? whose? anyone?

v6,p3987#10

p.1165#11

p.1247r3c02

+ 0

Child, heir. Refers to both sons and daughters. / Love, charity. / Respectful term for a man. / People in general. / Fourth of the five levels of nobility. / First of the twelve earthly branches of the zodiac.

v2,p1006#06

p.277#01

p.395r1c01

+ 5

 

xing

elephant; ivory; figure, image

v6,p3611#09

p.1195#21

p.1262r5c04

+ 6

 

d

supreme ruler, emperor; god

v1,p0738#02

p.330#14

p.474r5c07

+ 4

 

xiān

first, former, previous

v1,p0267#02

p.124#05

p.134r3c02

 

 

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 5

天地不仁,以萬物為芻狗;聖人不仁,以百姓為芻狗。天地之間,其猶橐籥乎?虛而不屈,動而愈出。多言數窮,不如守中。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 3

 

d de

earth; soil, ground; region

v1,p0420#12

p.224#06

p.312r6c01

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 2

rn

humaneness, benevolence, kindness

v1,p0107#01

p.91#07

 

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 8

wn

ten thousand; innumerable

v5,p3247#08

p.1042#33

p.1149r4c02

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 4

𦷝

ch

mow, cut grass; hay, fodder

v1,p0260#01

p.1021#10

p.1127r6c02

+ 5

 

gǒu

dog, canis familiaris

v2,p1341#05

p.709#12

p.874r6c03

+ 7

shng

holy, sacred; sage

v4,p2789#06

p.967#22

p.1082r6c06

+ 0

rn

Man, person. / Others, other people. / The people, ordinary men. / Talent, material. / [A man's] character. / Affairs of men, world of man. / Benevolence.

v1,p0101#10

p.91#01

p.80r2c01

百姓

+ 1
+ 5

bǎi xng

(2) 庶民,平民。 Ordinary people, common people.

v4,p2643#01
v2,p1037#12

p.785#04
p.259#05

p.932r4c01
p.381r6c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 4

jiān jin jiǎn

interval, space; place, between

v7,p4288#06

p.1333#01

p.1408r3c01

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 9

yu yo

like, similar to, just like, as

v2,p1359#09

p.715#20

p.878r1c06

+ 12

tu d lu tu

a sack, a bag opening at both ends

v2,p1289#05

p.553#08

p.720r6c03

+ 17

yu

key; woodwind instrument

v5,p3032#12

p.905#18

p.1023r6c07

丿+ 4

 

Modal particle expressing questioning or a rhetorical question. / Modal particle expressing admiration or exclamation. / Modal particle expressing estimation. / Modal particle expressing request or order. / Modal particle expressing calling. / Modal particle expressing consideration. / Modal particle expressing affirmation. / Particle used after adjectives. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause. / Preposition: in, from, to.

v1,p0036#08

p.82#07

p.47r3c03

+ 6

false, worthless; empty, hollow

v4,p2825#06

p.1074#11

p.1184r1c06

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

bend, flex; bent, crooked; crouch

v2,p0970#11

p.301#07

p.448r5c02

+ 9

dng

move, happen; movement, action

v1,p0375#06

p.148#14

p.196r4c02

+ 9

y

more and more, even more

v4,p2322#15

p.394#03

p.536r6c03

+ 3

chū

Go out, exit. / Outside, without. / Take up a post. / Exile, banish. / Abandon (one's wife). / Free, release. / Give out, hand over. / Give, offer. / Send out, distribute. / Exceed. / Appear, emerge. / Create, make. / Produce, cause to grow. / Bear, give birth. / Origin, place of birth. / Part of an object which extends outwards. / Measure word: times, occurrences. / Measure word: section.

v1,p0307#08

p.135#11

p.172r1c01

+ 3

duō

much, many; more than, over

v2,p0862#02

p.246#11

p.339r4c01

+ 0

yn

Speak, say. / Discuss, debate. / Tell. / Doctrine, theory, words. / One word. / Sentence. / Particle, no meaning.

v6,p3936#01

p.1146#01

p.1236r5c03

+ 11

sh shǔ c shu

number; several; count; fate

v2,p1474#01

p.475#04

p.607r4c01

+ 10

qing

poor, destitute, impoverished

v4,p2737#12

p.867#10

p.1000r6c05

+ 3

 

r

Go to. / According to, in accordance with. / Like, similar to. / As good as, comparable to. / Should. / Or, alternatively. / If, should it be the case. / As for, as regards. / Adjectival suffix.

v2,p1025#09

p.255#21

p.378r5c02

+ 3

 

shǒu shu

defend, protect, guard, conserve

v2,p0912#03

p.282#05

p.405r4c01

+ 3

zhōng zhng

central; center, middle; in the midst of; hit (target); attain

v1,p0028#10

p.79#03

p.37r4c02

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 6

谷神不死,是謂玄1牝。玄2牝之門,是謂天地根。緜緜若存,用之不勤。

1. : Previously mistranscribed as "".
2. : Previously mistranscribed as "".

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 0

Valley, gorge. / Bewildered, at a loss.

v6,p3902#01

p.1189#01

p.1259r6c04

 

 

 

l

See "谷蠡".

 

 

 

+ 5

shn shēn

spirit, god, supernatural being

v4,p2392#01

p.842#03

 

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

die; dead; death

v2,p1380#06

p.578#22

p.740r6c06

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 9

wi

say, tell; call, name; be called

v6,p3997#06

p.1173#12

p.1251r6c01

+ 0

xun xun

deep, profound, abstruse; KangXi radical 95

v1,p0280#03

p.725#01

p.883r1c01

+ 2

 

pn

female of species; deep gorge

v3,p1800#04

p.697#02

p.868r3c01

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 0

mn

gate, door, entrance, opening

v7,p4281#01

p.1329#53

p.1403r4c05

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 3

 

d de

earth; soil, ground; region

v1,p0420#12

p.224#06

p.312r6c01

+ 6

 

gēn

root, base(d on); foundation

v2,p1208#02

p.524#07

p.691r3c02

+ 9

綿

min

cotton wad; wool; soft, downy

v5,p3428#04

p.930#08

p.1052r6c01

+ 5

ru

Iris. / Same as 北海若: Ruo, a god of the Northern Sea. / Go by, accord with. / Choose. / Like, similar to. / Identical, the same. / As good as, comparable to. / To, arrive at. / You, your. / This way, like this. / Regarding, as regards. / If, should it be the case. / Or, alternatively. / But, yet. / Adjectival suffix.

v5,p3187#07

p.1023#12

p.1130r1c03

+ 3

 

cn

exist, live, be; survive; remain

v2,p1009#07

p.278#02

p.398r3c01

+ 0

 

yng

use, employ, apply, operate; use

v1,p0097#05

p.755#24

p.908r6c02

+ 11

qn

industrious, diligent, attentive

v1,p0378#03

p.149#06

p.199r3c02

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 7

天長地久。天地所以能長且久者,以其不自生,故能長生。是以聖人後其身而身先;外其身而身存。非以其無私邪?故能成其私。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 0

chng zhǎng zhng

long; length; excel in; leader

v6,p4050#01

p.1328#07

p.1399r3c04

+ 3

 

d de

earth; soil, ground; region

v1,p0420#12

p.224#06

p.312r6c01

丿+ 2

jiǔ

long time (ago); time passage, grow late

v1,p0033#03

p.81#19

p.47r1c02

+ 4

 

suǒ

Place. / Location. / A suitable place or location. / Measure word, used for counting buldings. / Used before a verb, creates a noun-like phrase. / If. Mainly used in oaths and curses. / Used together with to indicate the passive tense. / Indicates an approximate number. / Number, number of times. / Meaning.

v3,p2259#01

p.415#16

p.556r1c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 6

 

nng ni ti ti ni xing

to be able; can, permitted to; ability

v3,p2074#01

p.981#16

p.1095r5c02

+ 4

 

qiě

This. / Connective: both, also. / Connective: and. / Connective: not only that, furthermore. / Connective: or. / Connective: not only, even. / Connective: if. / Adverb: will. / Adverb: briefly. / Adverb: almost. / Particle used at the start of a sentence.

v1,p0015#05

p.77#07

p.34r6c02

 

 

 

Appearance of a great many. / Exclamation. / Alternative name for the sixth month.

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

Go.

 

 

 

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

z

Oneself. / Begin, beginning. / From. / Originally. / Natural, naturally. / Supposing, if. / Even, even if.

v5,p3046#01

p.1000#07

p.1108r3c01

+ 0

 

shēng

life, living, lifetime; birth

v4,p2575#01

p.754#26

p.906r5c03

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 7

shng

holy, sacred; sage

v4,p2789#06

p.967#22

p.1082r6c06

+ 0

rn

Man, person. / Others, other people. / The people, ordinary men. / Talent, material. / [A man's] character. / Affairs of men, world of man. / Benevolence.

v1,p0101#10

p.91#01

p.80r2c01

+ 6

hu

behind, rear, after; descendents

v2,p0822#03

p.366#18

p.511r2c01

+ 0

 

shēn yun juān

body; trunk, hull; rad. no. 158

v6,p3807#01

p.1237#01

p.1295r6c01

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 4

 

xiān

first, former, previous

v1,p0267#02

p.124#05

p.134r3c02

+ 2

wi

out, outside, external; foreign

v2,p0860#01

p.246#02

p.336r4c02

+ 3

 

cn

exist, live, be; survive; remain

v2,p1009#07

p.278#02

p.398r3c01

+ 0

 

fēi

Violate, go against (a rule). / Wrong, bad. / Not real, untrue. / Oppose, object to. / Slander, condemn. / Sarcasm, irony. / Absence of, not have. / Adverb: not, is not.

v6,p4086#01

p.1382#11

p.1463r6c02

 

 

 

fěi

Same as (2): Slander.

 

 

 

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 2

private, personal; secret

v4,p2589#06

p.849#05

p.987r3c01

+ 4

 

xi x y y y sh

wrong, evil, depraved, vicious, perverse, heterodox

v6,p3758#04

p.1269#14

p.1336r5c01

+ 2

 

chng

completed, finished, fixed

v2,p1399#01

p.411#11

 

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 8

上善若水。水善利萬物而不爭,處衆人之所惡,故幾於道。居善地,心善淵,與善仁,言善信,正善治,事善能,動善時。夫唯不爭,故無尤。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 2

shng

top; superior, highest; go up, send up

v1,p0005#04

p.76#07

p.24r2c01

+ 9

shn

Good. / Take to be good, like. / Good person. / Strong point, merit. / Perfect. / Gentle, kind. / Friendly. / Good at doing. / Improve, make good. / Control, regulate. / Food.

v1,p0660#02

p.197#18

p.282r3c04

+ 5

ru

Iris. / Same as 北海若: Ruo, a god of the Northern Sea. / Go by, accord with. / Choose. / Like, similar to. / Identical, the same. / As good as, comparable to. / To, arrive at. / You, your. / This way, like this. / Regarding, as regards. / If, should it be the case. / Or, alternatively. / But, yet. / Adjectival suffix.

v5,p3187#07

p.1023#12

p.1130r1c03

+ 0

shuǐ

water, liquid, lot5on, juice

v3,p1545#01

p.603#01

p.757r1c01

+ 5

𥝢

l

gains, advantage, profit, merit

v1,p0329#02

p.138#19

p.180r2c02

+ 8

wn

ten thousand; innumerable

v5,p3247#08

p.1042#33

p.1149r4c02

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 4

zhēng zhng

to dispute, fight, contend, strive

v3,p2031#03

p.688#33

p.863r1c01

+ 5

chǔ

Stay, reside. / Settle. / Be in, located in. / Retire. / Appoint, serve in office. / Stop, rest. / Remain, stay. / Implement, carry out. / Handle, process. / Judge, form a judgement. / Decide, fix. / Distinguish, separate. / Standard, rule.

v4,p2822#12

p.1073#25

p.1183r5c02

 

 

 

ch

Place, location. / Position, role.

 

 

 

+ 6

𠂝

zhng

multitude, crowd; masses, public

v5,p3051#14

p.1107#16

p.1203r4c08

+ 0

rn

Man, person. / Others, other people. / The people, ordinary men. / Talent, material. / [A man's] character. / Affairs of men, world of man. / Benevolence.

v1,p0101#10

p.91#01

p.80r2c01

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 4

 

suǒ

Place. / Location. / A suitable place or location. / Measure word, used for counting buldings. / Used before a verb, creates a noun-like phrase. / If. Mainly used in oaths and curses. / Used together with to indicate the passive tense. / Indicates an approximate number. / Number, number of times. / Meaning.

v3,p2259#01

p.415#16

p.556r1c01

+ 8

Evil. / Bad, not good. / Bad person. / Harm. / Vicious. / Turgid, fierce. / Ugly. / A poor harvest. / Disease, illness. / Uncomfortable, unhappy. / Dirt. / Excrement.

v4,p2307#12

p.391#25

p.535r4c01

 

 

 

w

Hate. / Shame. / Avoid. / Slander, attack.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interrogative pronoun: how, what. / Exclamation.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 9

jǐ jī

how many? how much?; a few, some

v2,p1095#08

p.342#14

p.486r2c02

+ 4

y

Be (copula). / Be, exist. / Preposition: in. / Preposition: from or to. / Preposition: compared to. / Preposition: to, for, towards. / Preposition: by (indicating passive tense). / Preposition: with, using. / Preposition: due to, because of. / Preposition: by, according to. / Connective: just as. / Auxiliary word, no meaning.

v3,p2175#02

p.481#11

p.622r2c03

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

+ 5

Sit down. / Wait. / Live, dwell. / Dwelling, residence. / Tomb. / Rank, position occupied. / Person occupying the rank of ruler. / Live peacefully. / Usually, normally. / Located in. / Defend (a post), guard (a region). / Remain behind to handle matters. / Have, possess. / Employ, implement. / Stop, rest, remain. / Store, stockpile. / Raise, rear (livestock). / Used before times expressing time elapsed: after.

v2,p0968#04

p.300#30

p.448r1c02

 

 

 

Movement, action.

 

 

 

 

 

 

j

Arrogant. / Straight. / Saw.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing excamation or questioning.

 

 

 

+ 3

 

d de

earth; soil, ground; region

v1,p0420#12

p.224#06

p.312r6c01

+ 0

xīn

heart; mind, intelligence; soul

v4,p2267#01

p.375#01

p.521r1c01

+ 8

yuān

gulf, abyss, deep

v3,p1681#01

p.632#08

p.807r1c02

+ 8

Give. / Follow, go along with. / Comrade, ally. / Association, contact. / Oppose. / Engage [an enemy]. / Approve, consent to. / Help. / Wait. / Preposition indicating passive tense. / Preposition: to, with. / Preposition: with. / Preposition: as. / Preposition: in, on. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: with its ... / Connective: or.

v1,p0251#04

p.1004#13

p.1113r2c03

 

 

 

y

Participate, take part in.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interfere in.

 

 

 

 

 

 

y

Auxiliary word: used at the end of a sentence to express questioning , exclamation, or a rhetorical question. / Auxiliary word: used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause.

 

 

 

+ 2

rn

humaneness, benevolence, kindness

v1,p0107#01

p.91#07

 

+ 0

yn

Speak, say. / Discuss, debate. / Tell. / Doctrine, theory, words. / One word. / Sentence. / Particle, no meaning.

v6,p3936#01

p.1146#01

p.1236r5c03

+ 7

xn shēn

trust, believe; letter

v1,p0165#01

p.105#25

p.109r2c01

+ 1

 

zhng

(12) :政治,政事。 Government, state affairs.

v2,p1436#01

p.574#02

p.732r5c02

+ 5

 

zh ch y

govern, regulate, administer

v3,p1599#06

p.614#07

p.776r5c02

+ 7

sh

Office, duty. / Job, career. / Things, affairs. / Accident, incident. / Engage (in), pursue. / Serve.

v1,p0023#03

p.85#24

p.58r3c02

+ 6

 

nng ni ti ti ni xing

to be able; can, permitted to; ability

v3,p2074#01

p.981#16

p.1095r5c02

+ 9

dng

move, happen; movement, action

v1,p0375#06

p.148#14

p.196r4c02

+ 6

sh

Season. / Unit of time equal to two hours. / [The passage of] time. / Time, times. / Age, period, epoch. / Occasion, opportune moment. / On time. / Then, at that time. / Always, constantly. / Same as (1): Wait until, wait for (a chance).

v2,p1505#05

p.494#22

p.639r3c04

+ 1

 

General term for adult men. / Adult labourers in particular. / Soldier. / Respectful term for a man. / Husband. / Unit of area equal to one hundred mu.

v1,p0521#01

p.248#11

p.367r2c01

 

 

 

f

Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Modal particle used at the start of a sentence for emphasis or to indicate an assertion. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to soften the tone. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express exclamation.

 

 

 

+ 8

 

wi wěi

only; yes

v1,p0642#05

p.193#17

p.277r1c02

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 1

 

yu

especially, particularly

v1,p0551#14

p.298#03

p.444r5c06

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 9

持而盈之,不如其已;揣而梲之,不可長保。金玉滿堂,莫之能守;富貴而驕,自遺其咎。功遂身退天之道。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 6

 

ch

sustain, support; hold, grasp

v3,p1866#02

p.429#05

p.573r1c01

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 4

 

yng

fill; full, overflowing; surplus

v4,p2558#12

p.793#07

p.938r5c03

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 3

 

r

Go to. / According to, in accordance with. / Like, similar to. / As good as, comparable to. / Should. / Or, alternatively. / If, should it be the case. / As for, as regards. / Adjectival suffix.

v2,p1025#09

p.255#21

p.378r5c02

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

Stop, discontinue. / Complete / The past. / Recover, be cured. / Leave [a post], retire. / Value and carry out. / Adverb: shortly, before long. / Adverb: already. / Adverb: extremely. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence. / Interjection. / Same as (1): Use. / Same as (9): Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time.

v2,p0984#01

p.326#11

p.467r3c01

+ 9

 

chuǎi chuāi chui tun zhuī

put things under clothes

v3,p1917#06

p.443#13

p.585r6c02

+ 7

zhu

joist; cane, club; king-post

v2,p1217#03

p.531#06

p.701r5c04

+ 3

b

(3.1) 否定副詞:用於動詞、形容詞等前面,表示否定。 Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation.

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

+ 2

 

kě k

may, can, -able; possibly

v1,p0567#07

p.172#12

p.244r1c02

+ 0

chng zhǎng zhng

long; length; excel in; leader

v6,p4050#01

p.1328#07

p.1399r3c04

+ 7

 

bǎo

protect, safeguard, defend, care

v1,p0160#04

p.105#17

p.107r3c03

+ 0

jīn jn

gold; metals in general; money

v6,p4167#01

p.1295#01

p.1363r1c01

+ 0

 

y

jade, precious stone, gem

v2,p1100#01

p.726#04

p.884r5c02

滿

+ 11

mǎn mn

fill; full, satisfied

v3,p1714#01

p.644#18

p.824r1c02

+ 8

 

tng

hall; government office

v1,p0452#14

p.231#23

p.322r6c01

+ 7

 

m m

do not, is not, can not; negative

v5,p3217#15

p.1035#13

p.1141r3c03

+ 6

 

nng ni ti ti ni xing

to be able; can, permitted to; ability

v3,p2074#01

p.981#16

p.1095r5c02

+ 3

 

shǒu shu

defend, protect, guard, conserve

v2,p0912#03

p.282#05

p.405r4c01

+ 9

f

abundant, ample; rich, wealthy

v2,p0942#04

p.288#27

p.425r1c07

+ 5

gu

expensive, costly, valuable

v6,p3632#09

p.1206#15

p.1271r6c01

+ 12

jiāo xiāo jū qio

spirited horse; haughty

v7,p4577#12

p.1445#25

p.1510r3c03

+ 0

 

z

Oneself. / Begin, beginning. / From. / Originally. / Natural, naturally. / Supposing, if. / Even, even if.

v5,p3046#01

p.1000#07

p.1108r3c01

+ 12

y wi su

lose; articles lost; omit

v6,p3882#07

p.1265#18

p.1332r4c01

+ 5

 

ji gāo

fault, defect; error, mistake

v1,p0607#06

p.185#06

p.268r4c02

+ 3

 

gōng

achievement, merit, good result

v1,p0365#08

p.146#11

p.192r3c03

+ 9

 

su

(4.1) 成功,順遂。 Succeed, go well.

v6,p3862#03

p.1260#32

p.1328r5c01

+ 0

 

shēn yun juān

body; trunk, hull; rad. no. 158

v6,p3807#01

p.1237#01

p.1295r6c01

退

+ 6

 

tu

step back, retreat, withdraw

v6,p3834#04

p.1256#14

p.1314r4c01

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 10

載營魄抱一,能無離乎?專氣致柔,能嬰兒乎?滌除玄1鑒,能無疵乎?愛民治國,能無知乎?天門開闔,能為雌乎?明白四達,能無為乎?生之、畜之,生而不有,為而不恃,長而不宰,是謂玄2德。

1. : Previously mistranscribed as "".
2. : Previously mistranscribed as "".

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 6

zi zǎi di zāi zī

load; carry; transport, convey

v5,p3526#10

p.1243#12

p.1300r6c02

+ 13

yng cuō

encampment, barracks; manage

v3,p2237#05

p.684#17

p.860r4c01

+ 5

 

p b tu

vigor; body; dark part of moon

v7,p4431#09

p.1461#28

p.1523r1c02

+ 5

bo

embrace, hold in arms, enfold

v3,p1856#04

p.423#08

p.565r4c03

+ 0

one; a, an; alone

v1,p0001#01

p.75#01

p.1r1c01

+ 6

 

nng ni ti ti ni xing

to be able; can, permitted to; ability

v3,p2074#01

p.981#16

p.1095r5c02

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 11

l l lǐ chī gǔ

leave, depart; go away; separate

v6,p4106#02

p.1369#16

p.1445r2c02

丿+ 4

 

Modal particle expressing questioning or a rhetorical question. / Modal particle expressing admiration or exclamation. / Modal particle expressing estimation. / Modal particle expressing request or order. / Modal particle expressing calling. / Modal particle expressing consideration. / Modal particle expressing affirmation. / Particle used after adjectives. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause. / Preposition: in, from, to.

v1,p0036#08

p.82#07

p.47r3c03

+ 8

zhuān

monopolize, take sole possession

v1,p0507#01

p.295#01

p.434r6c01

+ 6

q x

air, gas, steam, vapor; spirit

v3,p2011#14

p.599#12

p.751r5c04

+ 3

zh zhu

send, deliver, present; cause

v4,p2815#06

p.1001#19

p.602r5c01

+ 5

 

ru

soft; gentle, pliant

v2,p1192#02

p.519#05

p.686r3c01

+ 14

yīng

baby, infant; bother

v2,p1086#08

p.273#04

p.392r3c03

+ 6

r er

son, child, oneself; final part

v1,p0272#05

p.125#03

p.139r5c01

+ 11

d

wash, cleanse, purify; sweep

v3,p1700#03

p.642#20

p.823r2c01

+ 7

 

ch zh shū

eliminate, remove, except

v6,p4132#05

p.1352#08

p.1422r4c02

+ 0

xun xun

deep, profound, abstruse; KangXi radical 95

v1,p0280#03

p.725#01

p.883r1c01

+ 14

jin

mirror, looking glass; reflect

v6,p4267#07

p.1325#11

p.1397r3c01

+ 5

 

cī zī zhi j

flaw, fault, defect; disease

v4,p2671#04

p.770#28

p.920r3c03

+ 9

i

love, be fond of, like

v4,p2323#01

p.395#13

p.538r1c01

+ 1

 

mn

people, subjects, citizens

v3,p2131#01

p.598#01

p.750r3c01

+ 5

 

zh ch y

govern, regulate, administer

v3,p1599#06

p.614#07

p.776r5c02

+ 8

gu

nation, country, nation-state

v1,p0720#09

p.219#16

p.303r4c02

+ 3

 

zhī

Know, understand. / Perception. / Recognize. / Knowledge. / Know about, make sense of. / Be friendly with. / Control, get on top of.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

 

 

 

zh

Wisdom.

 

 

 

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 0

mn

gate, door, entrance, opening

v7,p4281#01

p.1329#53

p.1403r4c05

+ 4

kāi

open; initiate, begin, start

v7,p4286#02

p.1331#05

p.1405r4c01

+ 10

h g

close; whole, entire; all; leaf

v7,p4312#01

p.1340#02

p.1411r5c04

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

c cī

female; feminine; gentle, soft

v6,p4098#18

p.1366#11

p.1439r4c01

+ 4

mng

Bright, brilliant. / Daytime. / Clear, obvious. / Clarify, make clear. / Understand. / Straightforwardly, clearly. / Clear, clean. / Wise. / Make wise. / Spirit, god. / Respect. / Eyesight. / Good eyesight. / See clearly. / The following (day, month, year, etc.).

v2,p1491#08

p.491#12

p.631r3c01

+ 0

 

bi b

white; pure, unblemished; bright

v4,p2642#01

p.785#01

p.927r1c01

+ 2

s

four

v1,p0710#16

p.216#22

p.294r6c01

+ 9

d t t

arrive at, reach; intelligent

v6,p3855#01

p.1262#10

p.1328r1c01

+ 0

 

shēng

life, living, lifetime; birth

v4,p2575#01

p.754#26

p.906r5c03

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 5

 

ch

Domestic animals.

v4,p2538#04

p.761#12

p.913r3c03

 

 

 

x

Raise (livestock). / Raise, look after (a family). / Cultivate. / Contain, accommodate. / Love.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 6

 

sh

rely on, presume on, trust to

v4,p2293#15

p.383#19

p.528r5c01

+ 0

chng zhǎng zhng

long; length; excel in; leader

v6,p4050#01

p.1328#07

p.1399r3c04

+ 7

 

zǎi

Minister of a high noble or great officer. / Governor, senior official of a municipality. / Local officials in general. / Prime minister. / Dominate, rule. / Slaughter livestock. / Butcher. / Person in charge of cutting sacrifical meat. / Grave, tomb.

v2,p0935#06

p.286#04

p.419r3c01

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 9

wi

say, tell; call, name; be called

v6,p3997#06

p.1173#12

p.1251r6c01

+ 12

d

Morals, morality. / Good deeds. / Happiness. / Reward kindness, thank. / Heart, feelings. / Same as (1.1): Get, obtain.

v2,p0841#17

p.371#08

p.518r3c01

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 11

三十輻,共一轂,當其無,有車之用。埏埴以為器,當其無,有器之用。鑿戶牖以為室,當其無,有室之用。故有之以為利,無之以為用。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 2

sān sn

three

v1,p0004#03

p.76#05

p.11r2c01

+ 0

sh

ten, tenth; complete; perfect

v1,p0058#09

p.155#17

p.207r5c02

+ 9

f

spokes of wheel

v5,p3543#11

p.1246#27

p.1305r4c05

+ 4

 

gng

(1) 共同佔有或承受。 Occupy or accept together.

v1,p0243#02

p.127#05

p.160r5c02

+ 0

one; a, an; alone

v1,p0001#01

p.75#01

p.1r1c01

+ 10

gǔ gū

hub of wheel

v3,p2166#19

p.1247#28

p.1306r2c01

+ 8

dāng

(7) 在(某處、某時)。 At, of (some place or time).

v4,p2546#06

p.764#18

p.917r3c03

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 0

chē jū

cart, vehicle; carry in cart

v5,p3511#01

p.1239#01

p.1296r2c04

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 0

 

yng

use, employ, apply, operate; use

v1,p0097#05

p.755#24

p.908r6c02

+ 7

 

yn shān

a boundary, a limit

v1,p0445#10

p.230#01

p.320r4c01

+ 8

 

zh

soil with large clay content

v1,p0450#03

p.231#05

p.320r6c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 13

q

receptacle, vessel; instrument

v1,p0690#07

p.210#02

p.291r3c03

+ 19

zo zu z zo

chisel; bore, pierce

v6,p4277#07

p.1327#29

p.1399r1c03

+ 0

h

door; family, household

v3,p2257#01

p.414#32

p.555r1c02

+ 11

 

yǒu

window; lead enlightenment

v3,p2020#09

p.694#18

p.866r3c04

+ 6

 

sh

room, home, house, chamber

v2,p0925#03

p.285#02

p.416r6c01

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 5

𥝢

l

gains, advantage, profit, merit

v1,p0329#02

p.138#19

p.180r2c02

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 12

五色令人目盲;五音令人耳聾;五味令人口爽;馳騁畋獵,令人心發狂;難得之貨,令人行妨。是以聖人為腹不為目,故去彼取此。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 2

five; surname

v1,p0011#03

p.86#11

p.64r3c01

+ 0

 

s

(1) 顔色。 Colour.

v5,p3071#01

p.1014#02

p.1120r1c01

+ 3

lng lng lǐng

command, order; 'commandant', magistrate; allow, cause

v1,p0111#10

p.93#12

p.87r2c01

+ 0

rn

Man, person. / Others, other people. / The people, ordinary men. / Talent, material. / [A man's] character. / Affairs of men, world of man. / Benevolence.

v1,p0101#10

p.91#01

p.80r2c01

+ 0

 

m

eye; look, see; division, topic

v4,p2467#01

p.798#25

p.943r2c02

+ 3

 

mng wng

blind; unperceptive, shortsighted

v4,p2469#19

p.800#01

p.943r6c01

+ 0

 

yīn yn

sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation

v7,p4495#01

p.1396#25

p.1472r4c04

+ 0

 

ěr

(1) 朵。 Ear.

v4,p2783#01

p.965#05

p.1081r3c03

+ 16

lng

deaf

v4,p2800#05

p.970#26

p.1087r3c01

+ 5

 

wi

taste, smell, odor; delicacy

v1,p0597#06

p.182#13

p.265r4c04

+ 0

 

kǒu

mouth; open end; entrance, gate

v1,p0566#14

p.171#01

 

+ 7

 

shuǎng shuāng

happy, cheerful; refreshing

v1,p0543#15

p.690#22

p.864r5c03

+ 3

ch

go quickly or swiftly; hurry

v7,p4542#07

p.1434#11

p.1504r5c03

+ 7

chěng

gallop horse; hasten, hurry

v7,p4557#06

p.1439#28

p.1507r2c02

+ 4

 

tin

till land, cultivate; hunt

v4,p2533#09

p.760#17

p.912r5c08

+ 15

𤢪

li

hunt; field sports

v2,p1376#07

p.720#27

p.880r6c08

+ 0

xīn

heart; mind, intelligence; soul

v4,p2267#01

p.375#01

p.521r1c01

+ 7

fā f bō

issue, dispatch, send out, emit

v4,p2761#04

p.784#10

p.925r2c01

+ 4

 

kung ju

insane, mad; violent; wild

v2,p1334#04

p.707#20

p.873r6c02

+ 11

nn nn nu

difficult, arduous, hard; unable

v6,p4108#05

p.1370#05

p.1446r3c01

+ 8

 

d

Get, obtain. / Plunder. / Covet. / Success. / Fitting, appropriate. / Compatible. / Satisfied, pleased. / Possible, can. / Same as (1): Morals, morality. / Same as (3): Reward kindness, thank.

v2,p0828#03

p.367#31

p.513r6c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 4

hu

goods, commodities, products

v6,p3627#01

p.1205#12

p.1270r4c01

+ 0

xng hng xng hng hng

go; walk; move, travel; circulate

v2,p0811#06

p.1108#31

p.1203r5c05

+ 4

 

fng fāng

interfere with, impede, obstruct

v2,p1033#04

p.257#10

p.380r3c07

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 7

shng

holy, sacred; sage

v4,p2789#06

p.967#22

p.1082r6c06

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 9

 

f

stomach, belly, abdomen; inside

v3,p2097#01

p.990#02

p.1101r4c01

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 3

 

q

go away, leave, depart

v1,p0384#08

p.164#10

p.232r1c04

+ 5

 

(1.1) 那。與相對。 That.

v2,p0817#10

p.365#25

p.509r6c02

+ 6

 

(4.2) 採取,擇取。 Take, choose, pick out.

v1,p0395#01

p.166#04

p.236r3c01

+ 2

 

This. / Like this. / Here. / Adverb: then.

v2,p1438#03

p.574#10

p.735r4c01

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 13

寵辱若驚,貴大患若身。何謂寵辱若驚?寵為下,得之若驚,失之若驚,是謂寵辱若驚。何謂貴大患若身?吾所以有大患者,為吾有身,及吾無身,吾有何患?故貴以身為天下,若可寄天下;愛以身為天下,若可託天下。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 16

𠖥

chǒng

favorite, concubine; favor

v2,p0957#19

p.293#07

p.430r6c02

+ 3

 

rǔ r

humiliate, insult, abuse

v6,p3607#01

p.1252#21

p.1311r1c01

+ 5

ru

Iris. / Same as 北海若: Ruo, a god of the Northern Sea. / Go by, accord with. / Choose. / Like, similar to. / Identical, the same. / As good as, comparable to. / To, arrive at. / You, your. / This way, like this. / Regarding, as regards. / If, should it be the case. / Or, alternatively. / But, yet. / Adjectival suffix.

v5,p3187#07

p.1023#12

p.1130r1c03

+ 13

jīng

frighten, surprise, startle

v7,p4576#06

p.1446#04

p.1510r5c05

+ 5

gu

expensive, costly, valuable

v6,p3632#09

p.1206#15

p.1271r6c01

+ 0

 

d di ti

big, great, vast, large, high

v1,p0520#01

p.248#01

p.342r3c03

+ 7

 

hun

suffer, worry about; suffering

v4,p2300#09

p.388#16

p.532r5c02

+ 0

 

shēn yun juān

body; trunk, hull; rad. no. 158

v6,p3807#01

p.1237#01

p.1295r6c01

+ 5

 

h h

what, why, where, which, how

v1,p0130#04

p.98#15

p.97r2c04

+ 9

wi

say, tell; call, name; be called

v6,p3997#06

p.1173#12

p.1251r6c01

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 2

xi

under, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down

v1,p0007#01

p.76#10

p.28r1c01

+ 8

 

d

Get, obtain. / Plunder. / Covet. / Success. / Fitting, appropriate. / Compatible. / Satisfied, pleased. / Possible, can. / Same as (1): Morals, morality. / Same as (3): Reward kindness, thank.

v2,p0828#03

p.367#31

p.513r6c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 2

 

shī

lose; make mistake, neglect

v1,p0525#01

p.249#09

p.368r3c01

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 4

 

w

i, my, our; resist, impede

v1,p0585#13

p.180#03

p.260r5c01

+ 4

 

suǒ

Place. / Location. / A suitable place or location. / Measure word, used for counting buldings. / Used before a verb, creates a noun-like phrase. / If. Mainly used in oaths and curses. / Used together with to indicate the passive tense. / Indicates an approximate number. / Number, number of times. / Meaning.

v3,p2259#01

p.415#16

p.556r1c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

j

Catch up to. / Retrieve, recover. / Attain, rival. / To. / Touch. / Relate to. / Continue, succeed. / Preposition: until ... (a time). / Connective: and.

v1,p0035#01

p.165#03

p.233r4c06

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

天下

+ 1
+ 2


tiān xi

世界。 "All under heaven", the world.

v1,p0522#01
v1,p0007#01

p.248#04
p.76#10

p.358r4c01
p.28r1c01

+ 2

 

kě k

may, can, -able; possibly

v1,p0567#07

p.172#12

p.244r1c02

+ 8

 

j

send, transmit, mail; rely on

v2,p0937#01

p.288#04

p.423r4c01

+ 9

i

love, be fond of, like

v4,p2323#01

p.395#13

p.538r1c01

+ 3

tuō

entrust, rely on; commission

v6,p3941#11

p.1149#01

p.1238r2c04

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 14

視之不見,名曰夷;聽之不聞,名曰希;搏之不得,名曰微。此三者不可致詰,故混而為一。其上不皦,其下不昧。繩繩不可名,復歸於無物。是謂無狀之狀,無物之象,是謂惚恍。迎之不見其首,隨之不見其後。執古之道,以禦今之有。能知古始,是謂道紀。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 7

sh

look at, inspect, observe, see

v6,p3665#19

p.1134#21

 

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 0

jin xin

see, observe, behold; perceive

v6,p3663#01

p.1133#01

p.1229r1c01

+ 3

 

mng

Name. / Writing. / To name, give a name to. / Call, refer to as. / Title, name of. / Title, status. / Fame, recognition. / Famous, well-known. / Large. / Between the eyebrows and eyelashes. / The School of Names.

v1,p0582#06

p.175#09

p.254r2c01

+ 0

 

yuē

Say, speak. / Call, name. / Particle.

v2,p1482#02

p.502#01

p.648r3c03

+ 3

 

y

ancient barbarian tribes

v1,p0527#05

p.249#15

p.369r1c02

+ 16

tīng tng

hear, listen; understand; obey

v4,p2799#14

p.970#24

p.1087r1c02

+ 3

b

(3.1) 否定副詞:用於動詞、形容詞等前面,表示否定。 Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation.

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

+ 8

wn wn

hear; smell; make known; news

v7,p4294#12

p.968#11

p.1084r3c01

+ 4

rare; hope, expect, strive for

v1,p0731#19

p.329#18

p.473r2c03

+ 10

 

b

seize; spring upon; strike

v3,p1930#01

p.446#14

p.587r2c02

+ 8

 

d

Get, obtain. / Plunder. / Covet. / Success. / Fitting, appropriate. / Compatible. / Satisfied, pleased. / Possible, can. / Same as (1): Morals, morality. / Same as (3): Reward kindness, thank.

v2,p0828#03

p.367#31

p.513r6c02

+ 10

 

wēi wi

small, prefix micro-, trifling

v2,p0837#10

p.370#12

p.517r2c04

+ 2

 

This. / Like this. / Here. / Adverb: then.

v2,p1438#03

p.574#10

p.735r4c01

+ 2

sān sn

three

v1,p0004#03

p.76#05

p.11r2c01

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

kě k

may, can, -able; possibly

v1,p0567#07

p.172#12

p.244r1c02

+ 3

zh zhu

send, deliver, present; cause

v4,p2815#06

p.1001#19

p.602r5c01

+ 6

ji

question, interrogate

v6,p3961#07

p.1158#09

p.1244r1c02

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 8

 

hn

Great force of water. / Turbid. / Mix, blend. / Careless, reckless. / Feign, pretend to be.

v3,p1648#09

p.632#14

p.807r2c01

 

 

 

gǔn

Refers to water racing on and on.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 0

one; a, an; alone

v1,p0001#01

p.75#01

p.1r1c01

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 2

shng

top; superior, highest; go up, send up

v1,p0005#04

p.76#07

p.24r2c01

+ 13

jiǎo

bright white; bright, clear

v4,p2652#05

p.789#25

p.937r4c01

+ 2

xi

under, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down

v1,p0007#01

p.76#10

p.28r1c01

+ 5

 

mi

obscure, dark; darken

v2,p1497#01

p.493#12

p.637r6c01

+ 13

shng mǐn yng shng

rope, string, cord; measure, restrain

v5,p3457#09

p.940#04

p.1060r5c05

+ 9

f fu

return; repeat; repeatedly

v2,p0834#02

p.369#22

p.516r2c04

+ 14

guī ku

return; return to, revert to

v2,p1446#15

p.578#07

p.739r6c01

+ 4

y

Be (copula). / Be, exist. / Preposition: in. / Preposition: from or to. / Preposition: compared to. / Preposition: to, for, towards. / Preposition: by (indicating passive tense). / Preposition: with, using. / Preposition: due to, because of. / Preposition: by, according to. / Connective: just as. / Auxiliary word, no meaning.

v3,p2175#02

p.481#11

p.622r2c03

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 5

sh

Straight. / Right, correct. / Believe accurate, affirm. / Demonstrative pronoun: this. / Be (copula). / Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.

v2,p1497#05

p.493#26

p.639r1c01

+ 9

wi

say, tell; call, name; be called

v6,p3997#06

p.1173#12

p.1251r6c01

+ 4

zhung

form; appearance; shape; official

v2,p1334#03

p.707#13

p.873r5c05

+ 5

 

xing

elephant; ivory; figure, image

v6,p3611#09

p.1195#21

p.1262r5c04

+ 8

 

hū bū

absent-minded, confused

v4,p2317#13

p.391#08

p.534r4c03

+ 6

huǎng

seemingly; absent-minded

v4,p2295#04

p.384#03

p.531r3c07

+ 4

 

yng yng

receive, welcome, greet

v6,p3821#09

p.1254#03

p.1312r5c01

+ 0

 

shǒu

head; first; leader, chief; a poem

v7,p4500#01

p.1427#32

p.1495r2c04

+ 13

su

follow, listen to, submit; to accompany; subsequently, then

v6,p4156#17

p.1361#04

p.1434r1c01

+ 6

hu

behind, rear, after; descendents

v2,p0822#03

p.366#18

p.511r2c01

+ 8

zh

hold in hand; keep; carry out

v1,p0457#05

p.231#09

p.321r1c02

+ 2

 

old, classic, ancient

v1,p0568#03

p.171#08

p.240r1c02

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 11

y

defend, resist, hold out against

v4,p2408#03

p.846#23

p.984r5c02

+ 2

 

jīn

now, today, modern era

v1,p0105#05

p.91#18

p.83r5c02

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 6

 

nng ni ti ti ni xing

to be able; can, permitted to; ability

v3,p2074#01

p.981#16

p.1095r5c02

+ 3

 

zhī

Know, understand. / Perception. / Recognize. / Knowledge. / Know about, make sense of. / Be friendly with. / Control, get on top of.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

 

 

 

zh

Wisdom.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

shǐ

begin, start; then, only then

v2,p1041#12

p.258#16

p.381r1c02

+ 3

j

(4) 綱領,綱要,總要。 Charter, summary, outline.

v5,p3366#09

p.915#13

p.1029r1c02

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 15

古之善為士者,微妙玄1通,深不可識。夫唯不可識,故強為之容。豫焉若冬涉川;猶兮若畏四鄰;儼兮其若客;渙兮其若冰之將釋;敦兮其若樸;曠兮其若谷;混兮其若濁;孰能濁以靜之徐清?孰能安以久動之徐生?保此道者,不欲盈。夫唯不盈,故能蔽不新成。

1. : Previously mistranscribed as "".

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 2

 

old, classic, ancient

v1,p0568#03

p.171#08

p.240r1c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 9

shn

Good. / Take to be good, like. / Good person. / Strong point, merit. / Perfect. / Gentle, kind. / Friendly. / Good at doing. / Improve, make good. / Control, regulate. / Food.

v1,p0660#02

p.197#18

p.282r3c04

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

sh

scholar, gentleman; soldier

v1,p0416#01

p.242#38

p.333r1c03

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 10

 

wēi wi

small, prefix micro-, trifling

v2,p0837#10

p.370#12

p.517r2c04

+ 4

mio

mysterious, subtle; exquisite

v2,p1030#10

p.256#24

p.380r1c02

+ 0

xun xun

deep, profound, abstruse; KangXi radical 95

v1,p0280#03

p.725#01

p.883r1c01

+ 7

 

tōng tng

pass through, common, communicate

v6,p3845#08

p.1258#04

p.1317r2c02

+ 8

 

shēn

deep; depth; far; very, extreme

v3,p1662#10

p.632#01

p.806r2c03

+ 3

b

(3.1) 否定副詞:用於動詞、形容詞等前面,表示否定。 Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation.

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

+ 2

 

kě k

may, can, -able; possibly

v1,p0567#07

p.172#12

p.244r1c02

+ 12

shi sh sh zh

recognize, understand, know

v6,p4019#16

p.1181#17

p.1255r4c01

+ 1

 

General term for adult men. / Adult labourers in particular. / Soldier. / Respectful term for a man. / Husband. / Unit of area equal to one hundred mu.

v1,p0521#01

p.248#11

p.367r2c01

 

 

 

f

Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Modal particle used at the start of a sentence for emphasis or to indicate an assertion. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to soften the tone. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express exclamation.

 

 

 

+ 8

 

wi wěi

only; yes

v1,p0642#05

p.193#17

p.277r1c02

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 8

qing qiǎng jing

strong, powerful, energetic

v2,p0999#07

p.359#23

p.504r5c01

+ 7

 

rng

looks, appearance; figure, form

v2,p0933#17

p.287#03

p.421r6c01

+ 9

y x

relaxed, comfortable, at ease

v6,p3617#07

p.1197#20

p.1264r4c01

+ 7

 

yān

Same as (2): Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Same as (3): Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Demonstrative pronoun and modal particle: than this. / Interrogative pronoun: how, where. / Interrogative pronoun: what. / Connective: and, then. / Preposition: in. / Modal particle. / Adjectival or adverbal suffix.

v3,p2206#14

p.672#21

p.847r5c01

+ 5

ru

Iris. / Same as 北海若: Ruo, a god of the Northern Sea. / Go by, accord with. / Choose. / Like, similar to. / Identical, the same. / As good as, comparable to. / To, arrive at. / You, your. / This way, like this. / Regarding, as regards. / If, should it be the case. / Or, alternatively. / But, yet. / Adjectival suffix.

v5,p3187#07

p.1023#12

p.1130r1c03

+ 3

dōng

winter, 11th lunar month

v2,p0867#19

p.131#17

p.167r2c01

+ 7

sh di

ford stream, wade across

v3,p1621#02

p.626#13

p.801r2c01

+ 0

chuān

stream, river; flow; boil

v1,p0032#02

p.323#23

p.462r2c02

+ 9

yu yo

like, similar to, just like, as

v2,p1359#09

p.715#20

p.878r1c06

+ 2

𠔃

exclamatory particle

v1,p0241#06

p.127#03

p.160r5c01

+ 4

 

wi wēi wěi

fear, dread, awe, reverence

v4,p2532#03

p.760#22

p.913r1c01

+ 2

s

four

v1,p0710#16

p.216#22

p.294r6c01

+ 12

ln ln

neighbor; neighborhood

v6,p3797#11

p.1278#08

p.1347r5c02

+ 20

yǎn

grave, respectful, majestic

v1,p0240#02

p.122#05

p.131r1c06

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 6

 

k

guest, traveller; customer

v2,p0927#13

p.284#12

p.416r4c04

+ 9

hun hu

scatter; scattered, dispersed

v3,p1683#01

p.633#40

p.811r2c03

+ 4

bīng nng

ice; ice-cold

v1,p0295#09

p.131#24

p.167r4c01

+ 8

𤕭

jiāng

Take. / Use. / Push forward. / Drive. / Help, support. / Help financially. / Advance, go forward. / Carry out, execute. / Follow. / Comply, submit. / Do, carry out. / Accompany, see off. / Transmit. / Express. / Offer (as a sacrifice). / Look after, raise. / Protect. / Strong, robust. / Long time. / Carry, lead. / Side, beside. / Will, about to. / Close to, almost. / How? / Preposition: with. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: or, otherwise. / Connective: if, supposing. / Particle used after a verb. / A kind of insect.

v4,p2375#10

p.294#16

p.434r1c03

 

 

 

jing

Command troops. / Military commander. / Appoint as military commander.

 

 

 

 

 

 

qiāng

Please, humbly request. / [Onomatopoeia]

 

 

 

 

 

 

zāng

Female sheep.

 

 

 

+ 13

sh y

interprete, elucidate; release

v6,p3900#06

p.1290#17

p.1357r1c02

+ 8

dūn du diāo duī tun tn

esteem; honest, candid, sincere

v2,p1468#01

p.473#08

p.606r2c02

+ 12

p pǔ

simple, honest; plain; rough

v2,p1291#04

p.551#28

p.720r1c01

+ 15

kung

extensive, wide, broad; empty

v2,p1539#17

p.501#24

p.648r1c03

+ 0

Valley, gorge. / Bewildered, at a loss.

v6,p3902#01

p.1189#01

p.1259r6c04

 

 

 

l

See "谷蠡".

 

 

 

+ 8

 

hn

(2) 混濁。 Turbid.

v3,p1648#09

p.632#14

p.807r2c01

+ 13

zhu

muddy, turbid, dirty, filthy

v3,p1758#03

p.654#19

p.835r2c01

+ 8

sh

who? which? what? which one?

v2,p1016#14

p.280#05

p.403r1c03

+ 6

 

nng ni ti ti ni xing

to be able; can, permitted to; ability

v3,p2074#01

p.981#16

p.1095r5c02

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 8

jng

quiet, still, motionless; gentle

v6,p4049#01

p.1382#03

p.1463r3c02

+ 7

 

x

slowly, quietly, calmly; composed, dignified

v2,p0825#14

p.367#11

p.512r4c02

+ 8

qīng qng

clear, pure, clean; peaceful

v3,p1637#11

p.633#37

 

+ 3

 

ān

peaceful, tranquil, quiet

v2,p0913#09

p.282#08

p.406r2c01

丿+ 2

jiǔ

long time (ago); time passage, grow late

v1,p0033#03

p.81#19

p.47r1c02

+ 9

dng

move, happen; movement, action

v1,p0375#06

p.148#14

p.196r4c02

+ 0

 

shēng

life, living, lifetime; birth

v4,p2575#01

p.754#26

p.906r5c03

+ 7

 

bǎo

protect, safeguard, defend, care

v1,p0160#04

p.105#17

p.107r3c03

+ 2

 

This. / Like this. / Here. / Adverb: then.

v2,p1438#03

p.574#10

p.735r4c01

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 7

y

desire, want, long for; intend

v3,p2140#07

p.567#36

p.729r4c02

+ 4

 

yng

fill; full, overflowing; surplus

v4,p2558#12

p.793#07

p.938r5c03

+ 12

b f

cover, hide, conceal; shelter

v5,p3277#19

p.1056#15

p.1166r6c01

+ 9

 

xīn

new, recent, fresh, modern

v3,p2026#21

p.480#10

p.615r6c01

+ 2

 

chng

completed, finished, fixed

v2,p1399#01

p.411#11

 

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 16

虛極,守靜篤。萬物並作,吾以觀復。夫物芸芸,各復歸其根。歸根曰靜,靜曰復命。復命曰常,知常曰明。不知常,妄作凶。知常容,容乃公,公乃王,王乃天,天乃道,道乃久,沒身不殆。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 3

zh zhu

send, deliver, present; cause

v4,p2815#06

p.1001#19

p.602r5c01

+ 6

false, worthless; empty, hollow

v4,p2825#06

p.1074#11

p.1184r1c06

+ 9

j

extreme, utmost, furthest, final

v2,p1240#10

p.542#02

p.710r4c03

+ 3

 

shǒu shu

defend, protect, guard, conserve

v2,p0912#03

p.282#05

p.405r4c01

+ 8

jng

quiet, still, motionless; gentle

v6,p4049#01

p.1382#03

p.1463r3c02

+ 10

deep, true, sincere, genuine

v5,p2997#06

p.894#29

p.1019r6c02

+ 8

wn

ten thousand; innumerable

v5,p3247#08

p.1042#33

p.1149r4c02

+ 4

 

w

thing, substance, creature

v3,p1805#03

p.699#09

p.869r5c01

+ 7

bng bng

equal to; side by side; also, what is more; both

v1,p0246#02

p.78#14

p.37r2c05

+ 5

 

zu zuō zu

make; work; compose, write; act, perform

v1,p0134#06

p.99#07

p.99r3c01

+ 4

 

w

i, my, our; resist, impede

v1,p0585#13

p.180#03

p.260r5c01

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 18

guān gun

see, observe, view; appearance

v6,p3677#05

p.1138#14

p.1231r6c04

+ 9

f fu

return; repeat; repeatedly

v2,p0834#02

p.369#22

p.516r2c04

+ 1

 

General term for adult men. / Adult labourers in particular. / Soldier. / Respectful term for a man. / Husband. / Unit of area equal to one hundred mu.

v1,p0521#01

p.248#11

p.367r2c01

 

 

 

f

Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Modal particle used at the start of a sentence for emphasis or to indicate an assertion. / Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to soften the tone. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express exclamation.

 

 

 

+ 4

yn y yn

rue, herb used to keep insects away; to cut grass or weeds; art, talent, ability, craft, technique, performance, acting, trick, stunt

v5,p3178#04

p.1021#07

p.1127r4c03

+ 3

 

g

each, individually, every, all

v1,p0583#01

p.174#18

p.248r6c03

+ 14

guī ku

return; return to, revert to

v2,p1446#15

p.578#07

p.739r6c01

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 6

 

gēn

root, base(d on); foundation

v2,p1208#02

p.524#07

p.691r3c02

+ 0

 

yuē

Say, speak. / Call, name. / Particle.

v2,p1482#02

p.502#01

p.648r3c03

+ 5

 

mng

life; destiny, fate, luck; an order, instruction

v1,p0604#11

p.183#18

p.266r6c01

+ 8

 

chng

common, normal, frequent, regular

v1,p0744#01

p.333#12

p.477r2c01

+ 3

 

zhī

Know, understand. / Perception. / Recognize. / Knowledge. / Know about, make sense of. / Be friendly with. / Control, get on top of.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

 

 

 

zh

Wisdom.

 

 

 

+ 4

mng

Bright, brilliant. / Daytime. / Clear, obvious. / Clarify, make clear. / Understand. / Straightforwardly, clearly. / Clear, clean. / Wise. / Make wise. / Spirit, god. / Respect. / Eyesight. / Good eyesight. / See clearly. / The following (day, month, year, etc.).

v2,p1491#08

p.491#12

p.631r3c01

+ 3

b

(3.1) 否定副詞:用於動詞、形容詞等前面,表示否定。 Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation.

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

+ 3

 

wng

absurd, foolish, reckless; false

v2,p1027#09

p.256#01

p.379r4c01

+ 2

xiōng

culprit; murder; bad, sad

v1,p0306#19

p.135#02

p.171r3c05

+ 7

 

rng

looks, appearance; figure, form

v2,p0933#17

p.287#03

p.421r6c01

丿+ 1

nǎi

Second person pronoun: you. / Demonstrative pronoun: like this, thus. / Adverb: expresses affirmation. / Adverb: expresses limiting of scope: only, just. / Adverb: and then. / Adverb: just. / Adverb: expresses two contradictory or contrasting states of affairs. / Adverb: expresses beginning, origin. / Connective: hence / Adverb: regarding, as for. / Connective: if. / Particle, no meaning.

v1,p0031#05

p.81#12

p.46r6c01

+ 2

 

gōng

fair, equitable; public; duke

v1,p0242#01

p.126#28

p.151r3c01

+ 0

 

wng wng y

king, ruler; royal; surname

v2,p1099#10

p.727#02

p.888r1c02

+ 1

tiān

sky, heaven; god, celestial

v1,p0522#01

p.248#04

p.358r4c01

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

丿+ 2

jiǔ

long time (ago); time passage, grow late

v1,p0033#03

p.81#19

p.47r1c02

+ 4

mi m

not, have not, none; to drown, sink

v3,p1571#02

p.611#10

p.771r2c04

+ 0

 

shēn yun juān

body; trunk, hull; rad. no. 158

v6,p3807#01

p.1237#01

p.1295r6c01

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 5

 

di

dangerous, perilous; endanger

v2,p1384#12

p.580#04

p.741r4c02

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 17

太上下知有之;其次親而譽之;其次畏之;其次侮之。信不足,焉有不信焉。悠兮其貴言。功成事遂,百姓皆謂我自然。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 1

 

ti

very, too, much; big; extreme

v1,p0524#01

p.248#10

p.354r5c01

+ 2

shng

top; superior, highest; go up, send up

v1,p0005#04

p.76#07

p.24r2c01

+ 2

xi

under, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down

v1,p0007#01

p.76#10

p.28r1c01

+ 3

 

zhī

Know, understand. / Perception. / Recognize. / Knowledge. / Know about, make sense of. / Be friendly with. / Control, get on top of.

v4,p2581#02

p.824#01

p.955r5c02

 

 

 

zh

Wisdom.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 6

q

Third-person possessive pronoun: his, her, its, their. / Demonstrative pronoun: that, those. / Adverb expressing estimation or guess. / Adverb expressing imperative. / Adverb expressing rhetorical question. / Adverb expressing future tense. / Connective expressing hypothesis: if, supposing. / Connective expressing choice: or. / Connective expressing concession: even if. / Particle used after an adjective. / Particle: of. / Particle used for emphasis after single-character adjectives or onomatopoeia. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to alter the tempo.

v1,p0245#01

p.127#18

p.162r5c01

 

 

 

j

Particle used after bi and he.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modal particle expressing interrogative tone. / A year.

 

 

 

+ 2

 

c

order, sequence; next

v3,p2133#02

p.565#03

p.728r5c04

+ 9

qīn

Parents. / Relatives. / Love, favour. / Close, intimate. / Contact, touch. / Personally. / Do oneself.

v6,p3671#12

p.1136#12

p.1230r5c04

+ 0

 

r

Whiskers. / Like, similar to. / Pronoun: you. / Pronoun: this, like this. / Connective: and, with. / Connective: just then. / Connective: if, supposing. / Connective: yet, however. / Connective: therefore, hence. / Connective: expresses method or state. / Particle: of. / Expressive particle.

v4,p2810#01

p.961#18

p.1080r2c03

 

 

 

nng

Able to. / Ability.

 

 

 

+ 14

y

fame, reputation; praise

v6,p4024#12

p.1185#07

p.1257r2c03

+ 4

 

wi wēi wěi

fear, dread, awe, reverence

v4,p2532#03

p.760#22

p.913r1c01

+ 7

insult, ridicule, disgrace

v1,p0163#01

p.103#01

p.104r3c05

+ 7

xn shēn

trust, believe; letter

v1,p0165#01

p.105#25

p.109r2c01

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

z j

foot; attain, satisfy, enough

v6,p3686#01

p.1221#17

p.1287r6c03

+ 7

 

yān

(6) 連詞,相當於 Connective: and, then.

v3,p2206#14

p.672#21

p.847r5c01

+ 7

 

yān

Same as (2): Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Same as (3): Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Demonstrative pronoun and modal particle: than this. / Interrogative pronoun: how, where. / Interrogative pronoun: what. / Connective: and, then. / Preposition: in. / Modal particle. / Adjectival or adverbal suffix.

v3,p2206#14

p.672#21

p.847r5c01

+ 7

yōu

long, far, remote, distant; liesurely

v4,p2300#15

p.388#07

p.532r4c03

+ 2

𠔃

exclamatory particle

v1,p0241#06

p.127#03

p.160r5c01

+ 5

gu

expensive, costly, valuable

v6,p3632#09

p.1206#15

p.1271r6c01

+ 0

yn

Speak, say. / Discuss, debate. / Tell. / Doctrine, theory, words. / One word. / Sentence. / Particle, no meaning.

v6,p3936#01

p.1146#01

p.1236r5c03

+ 3

 

gōng

achievement, merit, good result

v1,p0365#08

p.146#11

p.192r3c03

+ 2

 

chng

completed, finished, fixed

v2,p1399#01

p.411#11

 

+ 7

sh

Office, duty. / Job, career. / Things, affairs. / Accident, incident. / Engage (in), pursue. / Serve.

v1,p0023#03

p.85#24

p.58r3c02

+ 9

 

su

Ditch between fields. / Waterway. / Pass through. / Succeed, go well. / Finished, past. / Grow up, bring up. / Favourable, as hoped. / Follow. / Not interfere with. / Advance. / Item used in archery. / Distant suburbs. / Adverb: finally, at last. / Adverb: and then, thereupon. / Part of a clock. / Distant, far off. / Name of a state in ancient China.

v6,p3862#03

p.1260#32

p.1328r5c01

 

 

 

zhu

Fall.

 

 

 

+ 1

bǎi b m

one hundred; numerous, many

v4,p2643#01

p.785#04

p.932r4c01

+ 5

 

xng

one's family name; clan, people

v2,p1037#12

p.259#05

p.381r6c02

+ 4

 

jiē

all, every, everybody

v4,p2647#01

p.786#12

p.735r5c01

+ 9

wi

say, tell; call, name; be called

v6,p3997#06

p.1173#12

p.1251r6c01

+ 3

 

First-person pronoun: I. / One's own side in general. / Expresses closeness. / Egoism, self-involvement.

v2,p1401#02

p.412#01

p.552r1c01

+ 0

 

z

Oneself. / Begin, beginning. / From. / Originally. / Natural, naturally. / Supposing, if. / Even, even if.

v5,p3046#01

p.1000#07

p.1108r3c01

+ 8

 

rn

Burn. / Demonstrative pronoun: like this, like that. / Expresses affirmation: true, indeed so. / Believe correct, affirm. / Adverb: actually, thus. / Connective: but, however, yet. / Particle used at the end of a sentence to express comparison. Like, as if. / Particle used after an adjective or adverb to express state. / Particle used at the end of a sentence to express affirmative mode.

v3,p2213#05

p.675#12

p.852r5c01

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 18

大道廢,有仁義;慧智出,有大偽;六親不和,有孝慈;國家昏亂,有忠臣。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 0

 

d di ti

big, great, vast, large, high

v1,p0520#01

p.248#01

p.342r3c03

+ 9

 

do

Road, path. / Journey. / Method. / Law, reason. / Doctrine, claim. / Skill, technique. / Principle, right way. / The Dao, the original of all things in Daoism. / Speak, talk. / Take a course of action. / Take a course of action. / Rites paid to the spirit of roads. / Ancient administrative unit. / Daoism.

v6,p3864#01

p.1262#06

p.1326r3c02

 

 

 

dǎo

Lead. / Flow smoothly.

 

 

 

广+ 12

fi

abrogate, terminate, discard

v2,p0903#10

p.351#02

p.493r3c02

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 2

rn

humaneness, benevolence, kindness

v1,p0107#01

p.91#07

 

+ 7

y

right conduct, righteousness

v5,p3133#02

p.952#32

p.1071r3c01

+ 11

 

hu

bright, intelligent; intelligence

v4,p2340#05

p.399#18

p.542r2c02

+ 8

 

zh zhī

wisdom, knowledge, intelligence

v2,p1518#15

p.497#15

p.644r3c02

+ 3

chū

Go out, exit. / Outside, without. / Take up a post. / Exile, banish. / Abandon (one's wife). / Free, release. / Give out, hand over. / Give, offer. / Send out, distribute. / Exceed. / Appear, emerge. / Create, make. / Produce, cause to grow. / Bear, give birth. / Origin, place of birth. / Part of an object which extends outwards. / Measure word: times, occurrences. / Measure word: section.

v1,p0307#08

p.135#11

p.172r1c01

+ 9

wěi wi

false, counterfeit, bogus

v1,p0195#04

p.112#07

 

+ 2

li l

number six

v1,p0241#09

p.127#01

p.154r5c01

+ 9

qīn

Parents. / Relatives. / Love, favour. / Close, intimate. / Contact, touch. / Personally. / Do oneself.

v6,p3671#12

p.1136#12

p.1230r5c04

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 5

h hu hu h

harmony, peace; peaceful, calm

v1,p0602#01

p.185#01

p.267r3c01

+ 4

 

xio

filial piety, obedience; mourning

v2,p1011#04

p.278#11

p.398r5c03

+ 10

c

kind, charitable, benevolent

v4,p2324#03

p.397#25

 

+ 8

gu

nation, country, nation-state

v1,p0720#09

p.219#16

p.303r4c02

+ 7

jiā jie gū

house, home, residence; family

v2,p0930#15

p.286#17

p.420r1c02

+ 4

hūn mǐn

dusk, nightfall, twilight, dark

v2,p1492#03

p.491#14

p.633r4c01

+ 12

lun

confusion, state of chaos; create chaos, revolt

v1,p0057#10

p.84#33

p.57r5c01

+ 4

 

zhōng

loyalty, devotion, fidelity

v4,p2273#15

p.377#13

p.524r1c02

+ 0

 

chn

minister, statesman, official

v4,p2801#01

p.999#13

p.1106r2c02

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 19

絕聖棄智,民利百倍;絕仁棄義,民復孝慈;絕巧棄利,盜賊無有。此三者以為文不足。故令有所屬:見素抱樸,少私寡欲。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 6

ju

cut, sever, break off, terminate

v5,p3396#04

p.922#04

p.1041r6c02

+ 7

shng

holy, sacred; sage

v4,p2789#06

p.967#22

p.1082r6c06

+ 8

q

reject, abandon, discard

v2,p1237#07

p.531#15

p.702r4c01

+ 8

 

zh zhī

wisdom, knowledge, intelligence

v2,p1518#15

p.497#15

p.644r3c02

+ 1

 

mn

people, subjects, citizens

v3,p2131#01

p.598#01

p.750r3c01

+ 5

𥝢

l

gains, advantage, profit, merit

v1,p0329#02

p.138#19

p.180r2c02

+ 1

bǎi b m

one hundred; numerous, many

v4,p2643#01

p.785#04

p.932r4c01

+ 8

 

bi

times, fold, multiple times

v1,p0183#04

p.107#19

p.112r2c02

+ 2

rn

humaneness, benevolence, kindness

v1,p0107#01

p.91#07

 

+ 7

y

right conduct, righteousness

v5,p3133#02

p.952#32

p.1071r3c01

+ 9

f fu

return; repeat; repeatedly

v2,p0834#02

p.369#22

p.516r2c04

+ 4

 

xio

filial piety, obedience; mourning

v2,p1011#04

p.278#11

p.398r5c03

+ 10

c

kind, charitable, benevolent

v4,p2324#03

p.397#25

 

+ 2

 

qiǎo

skillful, ingenious, clever

v1,p0412#01

p.325#09

p.465r5c01

+ 7

do

rob, steal; thief, bandit

v4,p2564#13

p.794#21

p.940r1c01

+ 6

zi z

thief, traitor

v6,p3637#01

p.1208#14

p.1275r4c01

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 2

 

yǒu yu

have, own, possess; exist

v3,p2041#05

p.504#20

p.656r5c01

+ 2

 

This. / Like this. / Here. / Adverb: then.

v2,p1438#03

p.574#10

p.735r4c01

+ 2

sān sn

three

v1,p0004#03

p.76#05

p.11r2c01

+ 4

 

zhě

Pronoun used after verbs, adjectives, etc. in place of a person or thing. / Pronoun used after numbers in place of a thing. / Pronoun used after time or negation to express "when" or "if". / Expressive particle used in a declarative sentence after the subject. / Expressive particle used in a sentence after the subject to express cause or explanation.

v4,p2780#05

p.961#01

p.1080r1c01

 

 

 

zhu

In, located in.

 

 

 

+ 3

Use. / Believe. / Command. / Lead. / Connect, implicate. / Have. / Cause, reason. / Preposition: because. / Preposition: from, in. / Preposition: at [some time]. / Preposition: using. / Preposition: in accordance with. / Preposition: relying upon. / Preposition: in the capacity of. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: indicates the following action is the objective of the preceding one. / Connective: used between adverbial clause and verb to express modification. / Connective: and. / Connective: but. / Connective: and so, thus. / Particle: used together with some words expressing direction and time. / Modal particle. / Same as (1): Stop, discontinue. / Same as (7.2): Adverb: already. / Same as (7.3): Adverb: extremely.

v1,p0105#07

p.94#01

p.87r6c01

+ 5

wi

Create, make. / Build, construct. / Do. / Plant, grow. / Govern. / Research, study. / Serve as. / Change into, become. / As, in the role of. / Count as, be considered as. / Called, named. / Expresses judgement: is. / Make, cause (to). / Have. / Take part in. / Write, author. / Connective: if. / Particle used in the middle of a sentence to move forward the object. / Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express a rhetorical question.

v3,p2198#11

p.669#10

p.844r4c03

 

 

 

wi

Help, assist. / Preposition: for, on behalf of. / Preposition: by (passive). / Preposition: because of, due to. / Preposition: with, together with. / Connective: because. / Say. / False, fake.

 

 

 

+ 0

wn wn

literature, culture, writing

v3,p2169#01

p.477#01

p.608r4c02

+ 3

b

Not have. / To not be. / Negational adverb, used before verbs, adjectives, etc. to indicate negation. / Negational adverb expressing prohibition: do not. / Negational adverb expressing rhetorical question: is not...?

v1,p0011#06

p.76#15

p.30r1c01

 

 

 

fǒu

Same as (1.2): Adverb used together with an affirmative word, expressing its negative or opposite. / Same as (1.3): Adverb used at the end of a question to form a yes-no question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sepal of a flower.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same as (1): Large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Show disdain for.

 

 

 

+ 0

 

z j

foot; attain, satisfy, enough

v6,p3686#01

p.1221#17

p.1287r6c03

+ 5

 

g

Cause. / State of affairs. / Event, incident. / Plot. / Old. / Past, original. / Death. / On purpose. / Originally. / Hence, thus.

v2,p1453#05

p.469#25

p.601r5c01

+ 3

lng lng lǐng

command, order; 'commandant', magistrate; allow, cause

v1,p0111#10

p.93#12

p.87r2c01

+ 4

 

suǒ

Place. / Location. / A suitable place or location. / Measure word, used for counting buldings. / Used before a verb, creates a noun-like phrase. / If. Mainly used in oaths and curses. / Used together with to indicate the passive tense. / Indicates an approximate number. / Number, number of times. / Meaning.

v3,p2259#01

p.415#16

p.556r1c01

+ 18

𡱆

shǔ zhǔ

class, category, type; to belong to

v2,p0982#08

p.304#07

p.451r2c06

+ 0

jin xin

see, observe, behold; perceive

v6,p3663#01

p.1133#01

p.1229r1c01

+ 4

 

s

white (silk); plain; vegetarian; formerly; normally

v5,p3368#03

p.918#11

p.1034r4c03

+ 5

bo

embrace, hold in arms, enfold

v3,p1856#04

p.423#08

p.565r4c03

+ 12

p pǔ

simple, honest; plain; rough

v2,p1291#04

p.551#28

p.720r1c01

+ 1

 

shǎo sho

few, less, inadequate

v1,p0561#02

p.296#20

p.442r4c01

+ 2

private, personal; secret

v4,p2589#06

p.849#05

p.987r3c01

+ 11

guǎ

widowed; alone, friendless

v2,p0947#07

p.290#19

p.427r2c02

+ 7

y

desire, want, long for; intend

v3,p2140#07

p.567#36

p.729r4c02

 

 

Daoism -> Dao De Jing -> 20

學無憂,唯之與阿,相去幾何?善之與惡,相去若何?人之所畏,不可不畏。荒兮其未央哉!衆人熙熙,如享太牢,如春登臺。我獨泊兮其未兆;如嬰兒之未孩; 儽兮若無所歸。衆人皆有餘,而我獨若遺。我愚人之心也哉!沌沌兮,俗人昭昭,我獨昏昏。俗人察察,我獨悶悶。澹兮其若海,飂兮若無止,衆人皆有以,而我獨 頑似鄙。我獨異於人,而貴食母。

Character

Composition

Variants

Pinyin

Meaning

Hanyu

Kangxi

Cihai

+ 6

ju

cut, sever, break off, terminate

v5,p3396#04

p.922#04

p.1041r6c02

+ 13

xu

Study, learn. / Doctrine, teaching. / School of thought. / School, place of learning. / Account, state.

v2,p1019#11

p.280#28

p.403r3c05

 

 

 

xio

Instruct, teach.

 

 

 

+ 8

w m

negative, no, not; lack, have no

v3,p2211#15

p.673#26

p.848r2c04

+ 11

yōu

sad, grieved; grief, melancholy

v4,p2341#14

p.401#26

p.543r1c06

+ 8

 

wi wěi

only; yes

v1,p0642#05

p.193#17

p.277r1c02

丿+ 3

 

zhī

Towards; go to. / Demonstrative pronoun: this, these. / Third person pronoun: him, her, it. / Auxiliary word: of. / Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause. / Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.

v1,p0043#01

p.82#04

p.47r2c02

+ 8